Journal of Quranic and Social Studies <p>JQSS is the research Journal of HRA (AL-HIDAYA RESEARCH ACADEMY (Rg) it is a bi-annual journal and offers double-blind peer review. started at 2021.</p> <p> </p> en-US (Sideeq Sadiq) (Najeeb Mengal) Thu, 30 Jun 2022 17:49:39 +0000 OJS 60 تفسیر الاکلیل فی استنباط التنزیل کی روشنی میں حضورﷺ کو ابو المومنین کہنے کی شرعی حیثیت کا تحقیقی جائزہ <p><em>It is necessary to have three attributes for the guidance and leadership of the nation. Let there be pain and sorrow. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) through whom humanity has been blessed with eternal wealth like faith and Holy Qur'an and with whose religion the welfare of human beings has always been associated. Becoming such a compassionate person, on whom the difficulty of the ummah passes is a great hardship, every moment of which is a source and cause for the ummah to improve and progress in this world and in the hereafter. Every prophet is a spiritual father to the ummah. The training of children is a constant concern for their success and development. Think of obedience and obedience as more important than obeying your real father. Among the commentaries written on Ahkam-ul-Quran, the commentary of Allama Suyuti, which is under discussion, is also known as a famous commentary</em></p> Fazal Rabi, Muhammad Siddique Ullah Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 تفسیر الاکلیل فی استنباط ا لتنزیل کی روشنی میں ترک اور حبشہ سے جہا داور ترکِ جہاد کا شرعی حکم <p><em>Belief in the Hereafter is one of the basic tenets of Islam, denying and deviating from it is in fact tantamount to denying and deviating from Islam. Included. In this material and physical world, the disappearance of these objects from sight is to some extent a weakening of faith in the Hereafter, but in order to cure it, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) foretold some signs and wonders before the Day of Resurrection. It is obligatory. The effect of these prophecies is to strengthen the faith of the Muslims and also to support the truthfulness of the prophethood of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). The only reliance is on believing in all these unseen matters while obeying Muhammad. As a Muslim, it is also important to believe in the reality of all these prophecies narrated by the Holy Prophet. These are some of the distant signs of the Hour, such as the resurrection of the Holy Prophet, the martyrdom of Usman Ghani, the incident of Jamal Wa siffin, the martyrdom of Hussain, may Allah be pleased with him, etc. There is also jihad against Turks and Abyssinians. There will be war between Muslims and Turks before the Day of Resurrection and a description of their attributes And especially the commentators of the seventh century AH who were present at the time of the Tatar invasion have openly stated this prediction of the Holy Prophet, since in the beginning of Islam it was forbidden to oppose them. Not only is it permissible to do so, but the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) also predicted it with his blessed tongue. In the article under discussion, a brief introduction of the first author and then a research review of the said title will also be presented in the light of Tafsir-ul-Aklil.</em></p> Rizwan Khan, Dr. Abdul Ali Achakzai Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 جزئی مقاصد شریعت کاایک تعارفی جائزہ <p><em>The gist of this article is that the purposes of Shari'ah have many meanings. Here it refers to the benefits and advantages of partial rulings which contain the precepts of the rule</em>. ۔ <em>Acquisition of religious and worldly benefits and spices</em>. ۔ <em>The issue of religious and secular losses and riots is a separate issue. If there is a clash between religious and secular interests, then which benefit will be abandoned and which benefit will be preferred? Although the principle and general rule is that religious interests will be preferred.This knowledge has been described by Shah Waliullah as the summary and flower of all sciences and knowledge of this knowledge is a sign of man's wisdom and prudence. Therefore, expediency, wisdom, profit, and mysteries and rules, etc., which are found in religious sciences, the same topics have become a permanent subject and have taken the form of a permanent knowledge. That the benefit and fruit of this knowledge is religion, success in this world and in the hereafter, and protection from all kinds of harms and gain</em></p> Muhammad Tahir, Dr. Shabana Qazi Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 مولانا محمد یعقوب شرودیؒ اور ان کی تفسیر "کشف القرآن "کاتحقیقی وتعارفی جائزہ <p><em>The Holy Quran is the basic Islamic divine book and a complete guide for all field of life. For better explanation of the Quran, Mufassireen and other Muslim Scholars have been engaged in writing Tafasir &amp; books on its explanation and interpretations. Thus, molana Muhammad yaqoob is an Islamic Scholar, from Balochistan. In Islamic Studies, his interest is in Tafsir kashaf ul Quran and Hadith, specifically in Tafsir of The Holy Quran in Birahvi &amp; Urdu languages He has authored many books in Arabic, Urdu &amp; Birahvi languages on Tafsir, Fiqh and various other toipcs. Out of which some books have been published till now. Besides this, he has supervised many research scholars who worked on Tafsir projects. Islamic scholarship and authorship and contribution in the field of Quran and its sciences, are of paramount importance but unfortunately very little number of people from academia know about it.This paper presents a scholarly and analytical study of his contributions in Quranic Studies for the information, easy access and facilitation of research scholars in Islamic Studies.</em></p> Dr. Riaz Ahmed Siddiqui, Dr. Haseen Bano Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 بلوچستان میں نظام قضاء وتحکیم <p><em>The Department of Islamic law was established In Baluchistan absent during the reign of the rightly guided caliphs. After the disintegration of abased, it remained under the control of the Islamic caliphate. Baluchistan become an independent of state but Mehmood Ghaznavi included it in his empire during the reign. The Baloch government was established in Kalat in 1530 A.D. As Muslim they turned to shariah for solution their problems. First, in 1866 Khan Ahmed Yar Khan officially introduced the judiciary in Baluchistan which proved to be beacon for all latter Baloch rulers. In the meantime, due to the intervention of the British, although this chain was slightly weakened, but until 1933. Khan Ahmed Yar Khan ii tried to implement a complete sharia system In Baluchistan. The book “Moheen ul Qazat wal Muftiyyan” compiled by Allama Shams ul Haq Afghani is a happy line of this series.</em></p> Niaz Muhammad, Dr. Sahibzada Baz Muhammad Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 موسیقی کے انسانی جسم اورروح پرمرتب ہونے والے اثرات کااسلامی اورسائنسی تناظرمیں ایک جائزہ <p><strong>: </strong><em>The bottom line of this whole debate is that music in English is sung in Arabic, while in Urdu it is sung in Urdu, which is actually a Greek word, later adapted from Arabic, it is a specific form of art in which sound and silence are It is arranged that it produces a melody, while today's scholars and mujtahids have stated that the popular understanding of music is that the sound which is commonly considered to be singing, in popular forms of music, folk music, classical music, Semi-classical and pop music are included and the religious forms of music include Samaa and Qawwali. Islamic teachings and scientific experiments have shown that music is not the food of both the human body and the soul, but affects both of them to a great extent. Music is the first attack on the intelligent, which causes the common man to become emotionally angry and quarrelsome. The situation changes, in the same way music causes adultery through sexual excitement, in the same way music makes a person addicted to drugs, because according to the hadith, music, intoxication and adultery are three angles of a triangle that are necessary to each other. It is also known from the hadiths that music is a tent of hypocrisy</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Anjan Qazi, Dr. Jahanzaib Rana Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 سرمایہ دارانہ اور سوشلزم کا اسلامی نظام معیشت سے تقابلی جائزہ <p><em>Islam is a code of conduct that contains guidance on every aspect of life. There is no any part of human life that is not guided by Islam. So there are also Islamic Teachings in the field of Economics. The principles and rules of Islamic Economic system, in contrast to Capitalism and Socialism, are the guarantors of prosperity and development for economic and social life.&nbsp; This research paper discusses these three Economic systems and it also introduces them and their characteristics, and at the same time, this paper touches upon&nbsp; rules and principles and advantages and disadvantages of the above economic theories. This paper asserts that espousing the principles of Islamic economics leads to sound economic and social foundation of a given society, whereas the creeds of Capitalism and Socialism lie at the root of all economic and social evils. The precepts of economics in Islam are essentially divine whereby success can be achieved in this world and the hereafter</em></p> Dr. Khair Muhammad Asif Memon , Hafiz Rahmatullah Shaikh Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 بیع کے اختلال رضا میں کچھ غیر معروف خیارات اور اکراہ کے احکامات کا ایک جائزہ <p><em>Every buyer and seller in trade is made to agree on terms and conditions, none of them can walk away from the contract after Ijab and Qabool,&nbsp; but every buyer and Seller have to walk away from this deal&nbsp; if they set a certain agreement or Shariah gives them&nbsp; relief itself to break the deal. A mutual consensus is needed for any trade agreement.&nbsp; On the time of Contact both parties are willing&nbsp; on the deal, after that by using&nbsp; the Option (Khiaar) breaking this deal shows that one party is unwilling to continue this trade , like wise agroy compulsion trade does not have mutual agreement also. Compulsion (Ikrah) has different Islamic obligations due to its nature of disagreement. This Article discusses different non Famous options of trade and Special orders on Compulsion due to its unusual nature. This article discusses this topic in detail</em></p> Dr. Hafiz Khalid Shafi , Dr. Hafiz Khair Muhammad Asif Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 معاشرتی نفسیات کے اثرات اورسیرت نبویﷺ کا ایک تحقیقی جائزہ <p><em>This article examines the effects of social psychology, in which the teachings of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) are presented as a model. The goals of society are highlighted, followed by the introduction of exemplary social psychology and its effects, ie, what are its hereditary effects? What are the social effects? And why is a person socialist? What is the relation of society and environment to psychology and what are the effects of social environment on psychology? Particular attention has been paid to clarifying the doctrines of child rearing and training, the role of government in educating the younger generation, the impact of the environment on certain people, and how special people can be successful in life. It has been stated that the effects of deep social connection on the human psyche are being clarified, while finally the effects of the social environment have been examined from the point of view of the Prophet's biography</em></p> Sana jadoon Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Faculty perception of scholarly communication trends: usage and challenges of e-journals <p><em>This study is an attempt to analyze the level of understanding and the perception of scholarly communication trends using e-journals by the faculty members and their possible challenges in the universities of the Balochistan. Being quantitative in nature this study used survey method as well as close ended questionnaires for collecting data from public sector universities of Balochistan. The findings of the study revealed that with the availability of limited resources the respondents have highly response on scholarly communication trends for e-journals. While this study confirms the role of scholarly communication trends, usage, perception and challenges towards e-journals of the public sector universities of the Balochistan, Pakistan. The results of this study make it obvious that the faculty members in these universities are aware about the importance of scholarly communication, their usage and upcoming challenges but still there is lack of orientation programs, electricity failure and the lack of budget for subscription to scholarly communication.</em></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> Abid Hussain , Abdul Baqi Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Graduate Students' Attitudes toward Using E-Books: Quetta Perspective <p>The present study attempts to investigate various aspects of e-books in the students' opinions at various Quetta universities. The purpose of the study is to examine the attitude of graduate students towards the use of e-books. The data was collected using the survey technique. Principle author collected the data from postgraduate students at the universities of Quetta regarding their usage of e-books. A quantitative method was used to interpret the data. The data were analyzed using SPSS (v.23). The study's findings revealed that all e-books were easily accessible on the internet. A maximum of the students was aware of the resources of the HEC digital library. Most of the students also faced many challenges while searching for e-books online. No previous study has been reported investigating users' perspectives of e‐books in an academic environment in Quetta. Most studies have focused on the availability of e-books and their attributes. This study contributes to the literature on this vital aspect of research and makes sound, practical information available.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Electronic books, Academic libraries, HEC digital Library, Attitudes, Quetta</p> Safia Hayat Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring and investigating the status, implementation and problems /barriers in implementation of KOHA at libraries of Pakistan <p>The study of exploring and investigating the status, implementation and problems / barriers in implementation of KOHA software at libraries of Pakistan has been carried out in the eleven institute where KOHA is functional. These institute are selected based on purposive sampling procedure and data has been collected from 122 participants of the selected institutes. Three types of institutes have been observed i.e., universities, college and other public libraries. Based on the findings of the study it has been concluded that, the current status of library automation in Pakistan the key factors are cost of library automation system, display and screen and maintenance cost. Regarding the implementation of Koha in Pakistan key factors are founded librarians training on ILMS skills and latest information technology and ability of Koha OSS to save library budget. By observing the key problems/barriers involved in the implementation of Koha in Pakistani libraries. The network configuration, erratic power supply and lack of knowledge about operating system are founded the key problems/barriers involved in the implementation of Koha in Pakistani</p> Shabana Ahmed Noor Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 HEC Digital Library: online information resources and its importance for the faculty of Universities of Balochistan <p><em>This paper is an endeavor to examine the importance of data assets of HEC digital library by faculty members in universities of Balochistan both public and private sectors. The emergence of new technology is a prime source of motivation for users in every field of life. Being prerequisite of modern era, the traditional libraries are also diverting themselves towards digitization. In this scenario the importance and usage of digital library is attaining much attention. Being quantitative in nature the study used questionnaire as part of survey method to collect data from faculty members of Universities of Balochistan. &nbsp;Through this study it became clear that there is lack of digital libraries in Universities of Balochistan. However, some of Universities in Balochistan has established digital portions within the libraries, whereas in many higher institutions of Balochistan the digital libraries do not exist. Absences of digital libraries in universities have extensively affecting the teaching and learning of faculty members. This study revealed that the faculty members in Universities of Balochistan were found to be familiar with the importance of HEC digital library to some extent, but still the minimum level of usage was evident of its not understanding the significance. There seem some of the genuine issues as like lack of professional and skilled staff to carry out the digital library operations as well as lack of training/programs is dire need in these higher educational institutions of Balochistan.</em></p> Abdul Baqi, Munir Ahmed Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis Of Digital Trends In Public Libraries Of Balochistan <p><em>The current study investigated the user perception of digital trends and its challenges in public libraries of Balochistan. The main objectives of the study were to examine digital trends resources and to highlight the challenges using digital trends resources in public libraries of Balochistan. The study used survey design due to its suitability in the given circumstances. The population of the study comprised of 17953 permanent members in all the 17 public libraries in Balochistan. Sample of the study was randomly selected from the permanent members/users, of accessible population of public libraries in Balochistan. A sample of 510 permanent members /users (male/female) was selected randomly. Questionnaire was designed after a vast study of related literatures. A questionnaire was administered through mail and self-visits to the users randomly. To analyze the data, SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) software was used to get results. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the data. It was concluded that digital basic trends are the basic parts of any digital library. The data revealed that most of the public libraries are lacking with the facility of digital trends. Users are facing a number of challenges regarding digital trends in the Public libraries in Balochistan. The Government of Balochistan should endeavor to make an effort to upgrade the non-digital Public libraries into digital libraries in order to enable users effectively utilize and benefit from these new library technologies as most of the public libraries are running under the Government of Balochistan, Culture, Tourism &amp; Archive Department. Training and workshops must be organized for the librarians and the supporting staff of the public libraries to update their knowledge according to the digital trends so that they would be able to run digital libraries effectively and assist their users proficiently.</em></p> Farzana Zaman Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Correlational Study On Language Anxiety And Academic Performance Of University Graduates In District Quetta <p><em>The current research was conducted to study the relationship between language anxiety and academic performance of university graduates in district Quetta. Data was taken from (n=200) university graduates through purposive sampling strategy. Public speaking class anxiety scale and academic performance rating scale were utilized as an assessment measure in the present research. SPSS-23 version was used in the present study. Findings of the present study showed language anxiety has significant (p &lt; .05) negative relationship with academic performance. However, regression findings showed language anxiety F (2, 198) = 315.17, p &lt; .05, R²= 61 was significant predictor of academic success. Consequences determined that higher level of language anxiety would lead to poor and lesser level of academic performance. The present study will help to understand the importance of academic performance especially among graduates’ university students. Existing policies and coping strategies could be inquired and could probably to improve to better help this population. Based on this study, it is not only particular for professionals or students to be aware of language anxiety toward better academic performance in the Pakistani society but also to be educated the culture itself and clinical area.</em></p> Ruquia Raza Jamali , Shumaila Dad Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Study to find out the Teaching Methods in Secondary Schools of Zarghoon Town, Quetta <p><em>Teaching techniques are viewed as a perplexing space. They are subject to epistemological convictions, impacted by the discipline, and include a 'blend of systems and definitions whereupon the scholarly community can't conform. Teaching methods plays a vital role in teaching and learning process. The objectives of this thesis was to analyze the current teaching methods in secondary schools of Zaghoon Town Quetta and also teachers perceptions of best and effective teaching methodologies in secondary schools and to suggest best teaching methods for future teaching process. The results found that there is a traditional teaching method followed by most of the teachers. No constructive method of teaching was found. The students learning outcomes were not achieved through traditional teaching method. It was concluded that low interest of teachers toward new teaching methods, lack of teaching material, unskilled or less trained teachers, and ineffective teaching methods can result in an unsatisfied and boring classroom. Besides, it was observed that there is no personal interest of teachers involved to encourage their students to acquire new ideas, to use internet facilities and other teaching aids. It was recommended that government should arrange in service training facilities to all secondary school teachers and trainings should introduce new and effective teaching methods through which the teachers fulfill their teaching objectives.</em></p> Shazia Azeem, Dr. Abdul Nasir Kiazai Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Level Of Occupational Stress Between Male And Female: A Comparative Study Among Medical Professionals <p><em>Objective: Present study aims is to investigate the level of occupational stress among male and female doctors in medical settings.</em></p> <p><em>Place and duration: The study was conducted from August 2021 to October 2021 in Balochistan.</em></p> <p><em>Sample and Method: Total sample comprised of 80 medical professionals including male (n=40) and female (n=40) of ages between 30 to 50 years (M= 32.2, SD = 2.04) recruited from different hospitals and clinics from Quetta (Balochistan).</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p><em>Measures: Following measures (i.e., Personal Information Form and Occupational Stress Scale (G. Weiman, 1978) were administered. Descriptive statistic was used to elucidate the characteristics of sample and analysis of variance (ANOVE) and t-test applied to investigate significant mean difference on gender and non-significant on age level of occupational stress.</em></p> <p><em>Results: Results reveled that significant different in score of medical professionals on occupational stress. This means that of the gender group showed influenced of occupational stress. Findings could help the medical and healthcare professionals to cope up or management of their occupational stress in future.</em></p> Javed, Dr. Mahreen Siddiqui Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Psychological Distress and Social Support among working Women; A correlation Study <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Purposeof the study was to investigate the correlation between psychological distress as well as the role of social support among professional women.The current study showed that bases of social care have a significant effect on depression, excellence of life and job satisfaction while also social support from family and friends has a significant role to preventing decreasing the risk of depression. Participants of the study were 80 working women (lawyers, doctors and teachers) those were selected from various government and private sectors of Balochistan.</p> <p>Measures of the study were a) (i.e., Personal Information Form ( Self- designed )b)The Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21 stress (DASS). (Lovibond &amp; Lovibond, 1995).Findings of the current study suggested that there is negative correlation between psychological distress and among professional women.</p> Dr. Mahreen Siddiqui, Allahyar khan Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Prophet Hazrat Muhammad’s S.A.W Personal Names; Approaches of Contemporary Orientalists <p><em>In the sixteen to twenty-first centuries a number of Seerah books were written in the aspect of anti-Islamic view. Orientalists started to research on the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W different aspects of life. They started their biased research to fulfill their missionary aims. In that situation, the orientalists of the mid-nineteenth to the twenty-first century had changed their vision towards Islam and Prophet Muhammad’s S.A.W Seerah as well. These orientalists are less biased and show a soft image of Islam and Prophet Muhammad’s S.A.W Seerah. They show their positive face towards the East. Prophet Muhammad S.A.W carries an abundance of attributive names Asmā’u ’n-Nabiyy which are given on His S.A.W noble characteristics and also Allah Almighty calls his beloved Prophet S.A.W with different epithets. The main focus of this research work is to explore the approaches of orientalists and somehow clear the doubts of orientalists and western scholars of the modern age in regard to Prophet Muhammad’s S.A.W pious names.</em></p> Asma Aziz, Kashaf u dduja Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Quranic and Social Studies Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000