Quantifying Democracy: An Exploration of how Numbers undermine Democracy in Pakistan.


  • Syed Amir Shah Lecturer, Political Science, University of Balochistan & PhD Candidate at Loyola University Chicago.
  • Jahanzeb Khan Assistant Professor, Area Study Center for Middle East and Arab world University of Balochistan Quetta


Democracy, Exploration, Pakistan, scientific, political opinion


            The global drive towards datafication of knowledge and decision-making is not simply an outcome of advancement in measurement techniques and new technology. It is rather embedded in new forms of global governance, which emphasizes the regimes of accountability, and evidence based policy. In this new mode of governance, information plays a key role. But not all forms of information are useful. It is only the information contained in a numerical form, presented in a simple and accessible format, collected through scientific indicators, which is acceptable. It is this form of data, which can claim to be objective, free from political bias and untainted by political opinion. However, behind these claims of scientific objectivity lie complex social processes and political power involved, and is very much susceptible to human fallibility and error. The paper will explore the ways in which the process of democracy is being defined and understood in Pakistan through quantitative approaches and will highlight how it undermines the genuine democratic process in the country.


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Quantifying Democracy: An Exploration of how Numbers undermine Democracy in Pakistan.




How to Cite

Shah, Syed Amir, and Jahanzeb Khan. 2021. “Quantifying Democracy: An Exploration of How Numbers Undermine Democracy in Pakistan”. Journal of Quranic and Social Studies 1 (1):63-75. https://jqss.org/index.php/JQSS/article/view/9.